Saturday, June 15, 2024

Hackers are Abusing Dropbox to Steal Microsoft SharePoint Credentials

A growing cyber threat involving Dropbox has emerged, and it’s raising concerns across the cybersecurity landscape. 

In the initial two weeks of September, a staggering 5,440 of these attacks were detected, highlighting the alarming scale of this threat.

Utilizing Dropbox for Deceptive Attacks

Hackers are leveraging Dropbox to create fake login pages, ultimately leading unsuspecting victims to credential-harvesting websites. 

This tactic represents a new iteration of Business Email Compromise (BEC) attacks, which we’ll refer to as BEC 3.0. 

BEC 3.0 attacks involve the use of legitimate platforms like Dropbox to send and host phishing materials. 

The legitimacy of these platforms makes it incredibly challenging for email security services to detect and for end-users to recognize the threats.

Expanding Attack Surface

These attacks are on the rise, and hackers are employing various productivity sites, including Google, Dropbox, QuickBooks, PayPal, and more, as their battlegrounds. 

This innovation in phishing tactics has proven highly effective and is rapidly gaining popularity among cybercriminals.

Attack Overview

In this particular attack, hackers use Dropbox documents to host websites designed for credential harvesting. Here are the key details:

Vector: Email

Type: BEC 3.0

mTechniques: Social Engineering, Credential Harvesting

mTarget: Any end-user

The attack begins with an email seemingly from Dropbox, informing the recipient that there’s a document to view. This email appears entirely standard and would not immediately raise suspicion.

Legitimate-Looking Dropbox Page
Legitimate-Looking Dropbox Page

Upon clicking the email, the user is directed to a Dropbox page. Although the content mimics a OneDrive login page, the URL clearly indicates it’s hosted on Dropbox.

The Credential Harvesting Page
The Credential Harvesting Page

Clicking “Get Document” redirects the user to the final page, which is the credential harvesting page. This page, hosted outside of Dropbox, is where threat actors aim to steal user credentials.

Evolution of BEC Attacks
Evolution of BEC Attacks

The evolution of Business Email Compromise attacks is notable. It began with simple “gift card” scams and impersonation of domains and partners. 

However, it has now reached BEC 3.0, where attacks are executed through legitimate services, making them exceptionally challenging to detect.

These attacks are immensely difficult to stop and identify, both for security services and end-users. 

Traditional indicators of phishing, like unusual language or spoofed domains, no longer apply when the attacks originate from legitimate services.

Education and Vigilance

To combat these threats, educating end-users is crucial. Individuals should question the authenticity of emails and consider whether they expect to receive a document from the sender. Hovering over URLs to inspect their destination can also help.

The Role of Technology

Security professionals can take the following steps to guard against these attacks:

1. Adopt AI-powered technology capable of analyzing and identifying numerous phishing indicators.

2. Implement comprehensive security solutions with document and file scanning capabilities.

3. Deploy robust URL protection systems for thorough scans and emulation of webpages to enhance security.

Check Point researchers have taken proactive steps by reaching out to Dropbox to inform them of this campaign. 

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Guru baran
Guru baran
Gurubaran is a co-founder of Cyber Security News and GBHackers On Security. He has 10+ years of experience as a Security Consultant, Editor, and Analyst in cybersecurity, technology, and communications.

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