Hackers actively target Confluence flaws because it is a widely used collaboration and documentation platform, making it a valuable target for gaining unauthorized access to sensitive information or spreading malware.
Exploiting vulnerabilities in Confluence can lead to:-
- Data breaches
- Data manipulation
- Disruption of business operations
These things make it an attractive target for cybercriminals and malicious actors. Cybersecurity researchers at Rapid 7 recently identified that hackers actively exploit the zero-day flaw to deploy ransomware.
Rapid7 MDR (Managed Detection and Response) detects Atlassian Confluence exploitation, including ransomware, targeting the following vulnerabilities that were disclosed in October 2023:-
Exploited to Deploy Ransomware
On November 5, 2023, Rapid7 MDR began targeting Confluence Server exploitation. The process chain was similar across several contexts, indicating that assaults were likely to be prevalent.
Besides this, the POST requests in HTTP access logs were observed on both the following platforms:-
Following the first round of enumeration, the threat actors downloaded a malicious payload using Python Base64 instructions, which would have resulted in the deployment of Cerber ransomware.
- CVE ID: CVE-2023-22518
- Summary: CVE-2023-22518 – Improper Authorization Vulnerability in Confluence Data Center and Server.
- Advisory Release Date: Tues, Oct 31, 2023, 00:00 ET
- Products: Confluence Data Center, Confluence Server
- Related Jira Ticket(s): CONFSERVER-93142
StorageGuard scans, detects, and fixes security misconfigurations and vulnerabilities across hundreds of storage and backup devices.
Fixed Version of Confluence
Here below, we have mentioned all the fixed versions of Confluence:-
Atlassian Cloud users are safe from this issue; however, customers with vulnerable Confluence sites should update immediately and restrict external access for security.
If immediate updates are impossible, follow Atlassian’s interim measures for risk mitigation, but applying vendor patches is the best practice.
Here below, we have mentioned all the temporary mitigations:-
- Back up your instance.
- Remove your instance from the internet until you can patch it.
- If you cannot restrict external network access or patch.
- Bat file: /tmp/agttydcb.bat – MD5: 81b760d4057c7c704f18c3f6b3e6b2c4
- ELF ransomware binary: /tmp/qnetd – SHA256: 4ed46b98d047f5ed26553c6f4fded7209933ca9632b998d265870e3557a5cdfe
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