This new stealthy and lightweight malware is dubbed as ‘DarkWatchman,’ and it is operated by the threat actors based in Russia, which primarily targets the organizations based in Russia.
In early November, the first signs and the existence of DarkWatchman has been detected.
During the investigation, it was discovered that via phishing emails with malicious ZIP attachments, the attackers are distributing this malware to target their victims.
These malicious ZIP attachments contain the following things:-
- Self-installing WinRAR archive
Once the user opens the attachment, then in the background, the self-installing WinRAR archive automatically starts installing the payloads.
Capabilities & Functionalities of DarkWatchman
- Execute EXE files (with or without the output returned)
- Load DLL files
- Execute commands on the command line
- Execute WSH commands
- Execute miscellaneous commands via WMI
- Execute PowerShell commands
- Upload files to the C2 server from the victim machine
- Remotely stop and uninstall the RAT and Keylogger
- Remotely update the C2 server address or call-home timeout
- Update the RAT and Keylogger remotely
- A Domain Generation Algorithm (DGA) for C2 resiliency
- If the user has admin permissions, it deletes shadow copies using vssadmin.exe
A ‘file-less’ RAT
Why has this malware been tagged with the tag “stealthy and lightweight”? All due to its capabilities and file size.
Apart from having stealthy methods, DarkWatchman, while transferring data between modules, uses the following things:-
- Large set of binaries
- Several stealthy payloads
For the keylogger, DarkWatchman uses the Windows Registry fileless storage means, which implies, every time the user logs into Windows a scheduled task will be assembled to launch the DarkWatchman RAT rather than storing the keylogger on disk.
Here’s what the security experts, Matt Stafford and Sherman Smith stated:-
“The keylogger is distributed as obfuscated C# source code that is processed and stored in the registry as a Base64-encoded PowerShell command. When the RAT is launched, it executes this PowerShell script which, in turn, compiles the keylogger (using CSC) and executes it. The keylogger itself does not communicate with the C2 or write to disk. Instead, it writes it’s keylog to a registry key that it uses as a buffer.”
Moreover, it’s been speculated that DarkWatchman is might be tailored by or for the ransomware groups. Since the malware offers several stealthy capabilities, so, the groups with fewer skills and abilities will get lucrated of this malware.