A new sophisticated stealing campaign named “Steal-It” has been discovered that exfiltrates NTLMv2 hashes using customized versions of Nishang’s Start-CaptureServer PowerShell script.
It is believed that the Steal-It campaign may be attributed to APT28 (aka Fancy Bear) based on its similarities with the APT28 cyber attack.
Fancy Bear is a Russian cyber espionage group that uses zero-day exploits, spear phishing, and malware to compromise targets.
Zscaler Threat Labs recently discovered the campaign’s tactics and infection chain and shared its report.
NTLMv2 Hash Stealing Infection Chain
The NTLMv2 hash stealing infection chain steals NTLMv2 hashes by utilizing a customized Nishang’s Start-CaptureServer PowerShell script and transmitting the stolen hashes via mocky APIs to Mockbin.
SystemInfo Stealing Infection Chain
The Systeminfo stealing infection chain uses the OnlyFans brand to entice users into downloading the later stages of the chain, which exfiltrate command outputs to Mockbin.
Fansly Whoami Exfil Infection Chain
The Fansly whoami exfil infection chain uses the Fansly brand to entice users into downloading the later stages of the chain, which exfiltrate command outputs to Mockbin.
Windows Update Exfil Infection Chain
ZIP archive bundled with an LNK file that uses geofencing techniques to target users in Belgium unknowingly downloads multiple stages of a PowerShell script that executes system commands to collect basic information for nefarious purposes.
Among all the infection chains, the threat actor utilized customized scripts from the Nishang framework to steal and exfiltrate NTLM hashes by executing system commands.
Finally, mock APIs are used to exfiltrate the captured data from the compromised device.
Explicit images of models are used to entice victims to execute the initial payload in The Fansly Whoami Exfil and Exfil Sysinfo OnlyFans infection chain.
Threat actors use a geofencing strategy specifically targeting regions including Australia, Poland, and Belgium.
Mockbin API, an endpoint-generating tool, and mock APIs are used to transfer stolen data, such as NTLM hashes and command output.