Hackers Embedded the Malicious Code Within WAV Audio Files to Gain Reverse Shell Access

Researchers observed a new malware campaign using WAV audio files to hide the malware and to avoid detection. Threat actors embedded the malicious code within the WAV audio files.

Based on BlackBerry Cylance threat researchers’ analysis, each WAV file contains a loader component to decode and executing malicious content embedded in audio files.

Similar techniques were observed between multiple threat actors, they used PNG (1,2) and JPEG files, employs steganography techniques to hide the malware.

Miner and Metasploit code – WAV Audio

Further analysis reveals that some of the WAV files contain crypto miner script XMRig Monero CPU miner and others include Metasploit code used to establish a reverse shell.

Both of the WAV files use the same infrastructure, which indicates the campaign used to gain remote access over the victim networks and for monetary benefits.

Attackers use steganography methods to hide the malicious codes in the WAV files. Earlier this year, Symantec published a report about the Turla APT hacker group, the APT group uses the .wav files with Metasploit code embedded.

Researchers classified the loaders into three categories

  • Loaders that employ the Least Significant Bit (LSB) steganography to decode and execute a PE file.
  • Loaders that employ a rand()-based decoding algorithm to decode and execute a PE file.
  • Loaders that employ rand()-based decoding algorithm to decode and execute shellcode.

Steganography & Encoding Methods

The first type is based on the steganography method, the .wav file employees steganography method to extract the content.

Upon executing the audio file Song(.)wav, it executes a DLL in memory and triggers the export process, the exported file is an XMRig Monero CPU miner, which is designed to steal victim’s resources and to mine cryptocurrency, reads the blog post.

The second category is based on the rand()-based decoding algorithm used to hide the PE files, in this case, the audio files don’t have any music.

When the audio file is executed, the loader reads the file and executes the DLL in memory, the extracted file is the XMRig Monero CPU miner.

The third category is the rand()-based decoding algorithm to hide PE files, like the previous one, this audio file also contains white noise.

Upon executing the audio file the loader opens the PE files, decodes its contents and executes the shellcode. The Metasploit shellcode is capable of launching reverse shell access to the specified IP address.

Attackers continue to use innovative methods to compromise victim machines, in this campaign attackers used both steganography and other encoding techniques.





You can follow us on LinkedinTwitterFacebook for daily Cybersecurity and hacking news updates

Guru Baran

Recent Posts

Malicious ChatGPT Chrome Extension Steal Facebook Accounts

Thousands of Facebook accounts have been stolen due to a trojanized version of the legitimate…

8 hours ago

Streaming Platform Gaint Lionsgate Exposes Over 37m Users’ Data

Lions Gate Entertainment Corporation, doing business as Lionsgate, exposed users' IP addresses and data on…

16 hours ago

North Korean Hackers Attack Gmail Users With Malicious Chrome Extensions

In a collaborative effort, the German Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV)…

1 day ago

Shell DDoS Malware Attacks Poorly Managed Linux SSH Servers

The ShellBot threat has turned out to be a new type of malware designed to…

2 days ago

Google to Reduce SSL Certificate Lifespan to 90 Days

Recently, Google declared its plan to reduce the maximum validity for public TLS (SSL) certificates…

2 days ago

Hackers Weaponized and Exploited Over 55 Zero-days in Microsoft, Google, and Apple

Mandiant researchers have recently reported that 55 zero-day vulnerabilities were actively exploited in 2022, most…

3 days ago