John the Ripper is intended to be both elements rich and quick. It combines a few breaking modes in one program and is completely configurable for your specific needs for Offline Password Cracking.
Out of the crate, John underpins (and autodetects) the accompanying Unix crypt(3) hash sorts: conventional DES-based, “bigcrypt”, BSDI broadened DES-based, FreeBSD MD5-based (additionally utilized on Linux and in Cisco IOS), and OpenBSD Blowfish-based (now likewise utilized on some Linux dispersions and bolstered by late forms of Solaris).
Additionally bolstered out of the case are Kerberos/AFS and Windows LM (DES-based) hashes and in addition DES-based tripcodes.
John is accessible for several different platforms which empower you to utilize a similar cracker everywhere.John the Ripper Pro includes support for Windows NTLM (MD4-based) and Mac OS X 10.4+ salted SHA-1 hashes.
Extracting hashes From Linux
Every Linux user know that the passwords hashed are stored in /etc/passwd, one can see the file using command [email protected]:~# cat /etc/passwd
We can see the password hashed as X, to unmask the password we should use unshadow to unmask the passwords.
[email protected]:~# unshadow Usage: unshadow PASSWORD-FILE SHADOW-FILE
Now you should use the unshadow command in order to unmask/decrypt the passwords.[email protected]:~# unshadow /etc/passwd /etc/shadow > hashfile
/etc/passwd : Password location /etc/shadow : Shadow file hashfile : Output file
Now you can see the X has been replaced with the actual hash values.
We can there are various cracking modes available with John the Ripper, we are to use simple and powerful wordlist mode.
The cracked passwords are stored in john.pot which can be accessible with the command [email protected]:~# cat /root/.john/john.pot
It’s done we can see the password:test123 displayed on the screen.
Extracting hash dumps from Windows machine
Pwdump is a significant simple handy tool to yield the LM and NTLM secret word hashes of local client accounts from the Security Account Manager (SAM).
Download and extract the pwdump in the working directory.
Simply by typing pwdump in the command prompt, we can retrieve the local client account hashes from the SAM database.
Also, we can extract the hashes to the file pwdump7 > hash.txt
Cracking with John the Ripper
John the Ripper is intended to be both elements rich and quick. You can get all the possible options by typing [email protected]:~# john -h
To list all the possible formats [email protected]:~# john –list=formats
To list all the possible subformats [email protected]:~# john –list=subformats
To bruteforce the [email protected]:~# john -format=LM /root/Desktop/hash.txt
It will take some time to get the password cracked.
Final words, John the ripper is a fantastic tool for offline password cracking. Don’t use it for offensive purposes.
- Author: Solar Designer
- License: GPLv2