Friday, June 14, 2024

Qbot Malware Via FakeUpdates Leads the Race of Malware Attacks

Hackers use Qbot malware for its advanced capabilities, including keylogging, credential theft, and backdoor functionality.

Previously distributed Qakbot malware campaign was capable of monitoring the browsing activities of the infected computer and logs all information related to finance-related websites.

Qbot also enables the threat actors to create a persistent presence on infected systems, along with facilitating:

  • Further malicious activities
  • Potential financial gains

Cybersecurity researchers at Checkpoint recently discovered that threat actors actively use Qbot malware via FakeUpdates, leading to the race for malware attacks.

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Technical analysis

Four months after Operation Duck Hunt’s takedown, the Qbot malware was revived in December 2023. FakeUpdates topped the Threat Index and was found to be hitting the education sector hard. 

Qbot resurfaces in a phishing attack on the hospitality sector, posing as IRS. Meanwhile, the DLL-triggered Qbot dominated for 10 months before its takedown.

FakeUpdates claims the top spot with a 2% global impact, while Nanocore holds third for six months. However, there are new entries that are from:

  • Ramnit
  • Glupteba

Qbot was spotted in the wild in less than 4 months post-infrastructure takedown. This shows that disrupting malware isn’t enough, as threat actors always adapt. 

These are the reasons why researchers in the field of cybersecurity highly encourage firms to perform the following:

  • Implement proactive endpoint security
  • Perform thorough email scrutiny

Besides this, the following vulnerabilities are the most exploited, as they affect organizations globally:

  • Apache Log4j Remote Code Execution (CVE-2021-44228) affects 46% of organizations globally.
  • Web Server Malicious URL Directory Traversal affects 46% of organizations globally. 
  • Zyxel ZyWALL Command Injection (CVE-2023-28771) affects 43% of organizations globally.

Top Malware Families

Here below, we have mentioned all the top malware families:

  • FakeUpdates
  • Formbook
  • Nanocore
  • Remcos
  • AsyncRat
  • AgentTesla
  • Phorpiex
  • NJRat
  • Ramnit
  • Glupteba

Top Exploited Vulnerabilities

Here below, we have mentioned all the top exploited vulnerabilities:-

  • Apache Log4j Remote Code Execution (CVE-2021-44228)
  • Web Servers Malicious URL Directory Traversal (CVE-2010-4598,CVE-2011-2474,CVE-2014-0130,CVE-2014-0780,CVE-2015-0666,CVE-2015-4068,CVE-2015-7254,CVE-2016-4523,CVE-2016-8530,CVE-2017-11512,CVE-2018-3948,CVE-2018-3949,CVE-2019-18952,CVE-2020-5410,CVE-2020-8260)
  • Zyxel ZyWALL Command Injection (CVE-2023-28771)
  • Command Injection Over HTTP (CVE-2021-43936, CVE-2022-24086)
  • PHP Easter Egg Information Disclosure (CVE-2015-2051)
  • MVPower CCTV DVR Remote Code Execution (CVE-2016-20016)
  • WordPress portable-phpMyAdmin Plugin Authentication Bypass (CVE-2012-5469)
  • OpenSSL TLS DTLS Heartbeat Information Disclosure (CVE-2014-0160, CVE-2014-0346)
  • HTTP Headers Remote Code Execution
  • D-Link Multiple Products Remote Code Execution (CVE-2015-2051)

Top Mobile Malware

Here below we have mentioned all the top mobile malware:-

  • Anubis
  • AhMyth
  • Hiddad

Top-Attacked Industries Globally

Here below, we have mentioned all the top-attacked industries globally:-

  • Education
  • Research
  • Communications
  • Government
  • Military

Looking for cost-effective penetration testing services? Try Kelltron’s to assess and evaluate the security posture of digital systems. 

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Tushar Subhra Dutta
Tushar Subhra Dutta
Tushar is a Cyber security content editor with a passion for creating captivating and informative content. With years of experience under his belt in Cyber Security, he is covering Cyber Security News, technology and other news.

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