Monday, December 4, 2023

Waterbug APT Hackers Hijacked Another APT Group Infrastructure to Attack Governments and International Organizations

Waterbug APT Hackers used hijacked infrastructure to attack governments and international organizations through various campaigns using new and publically available malware. The group also use living off the land for executing process on the systems.

Symantec observed the targeted attack over the past year using unique tools and the campaigns hitting Europe, Latin America, and South Asia.

Multiple Campaigns

Symantec observed multiple campaigns using different toolsets on the attack campaigns, including custom malware.

The first campaign uses new malware dubbed Neptun, to target exchange servers. The Neptun malware installed on exchange servers and get commands from attackers passively. It is capable of downloading additional tools, upload stolen files, and execute shell commands.

The second campaign uses the publically available Meterpreter backdoor along with the two custom loaders, custom backdoor, and a custom Remote Procedure Call. It appears the hacker group uses Meterpreter since 2018.

The third campaign employees a new RPC backdoor that uses publicly available PowerShellRunner to run the PowerShell scripts to avoid detection.

Hacking Tools and Exploits used.

  • A custom tool that combines EternalBlue, EternalRomance, DoublePulsar, SMBTouch
  • Custom dropper malware Neptun
  • Visual Basic & PowerShell scripts
  • Publicly available tools such as RPC commands, SScan, NBTScan for scanning network
  • PsExec for lateral movement, Mimikatz for stealing credentials and Certutil.exe to decode remote files.

Symantec lists the governments and international organizations attacked by Waterbug that includes governments, international organizations, IT, and education sectors across the globe.

“Waterbug’s use of Crambus infrastructure appears to have been a hostile takeover, during the attack campaigns customized variant of Mimikatz was downloaded Crambus-controlled network infrastructure.”

Waterbug APT Hackers

Another tool IntelliAdmin also detected on the victim’s network, which was previously used by Crambus gives more closure resemble that Waterbug group compromise the Crambus infrastructure.

“Waterbug’s frequent retooling ability demonstrates a high degree of adaptability by a group determined to avoid detection by staying one step ahead of its targets.”

Indicators of Compromise of all the three campaigns can be found here.

You can follow us on LinkedinTwitterFacebook for daily Cybersecurity updates also you can take the Best Cybersecurity courses online to keep yourself updated.

Iranian MuddyWater APT Hackers Adds New Exploits in Their Hacking Arsenal to Attack Government Networks

Iranian Based OilRig APT Hackers Owned Email Hacking Tool Leaked in Telegram

Hackers From Chinese APT-27 Group Initiated 15000 Attacks Against MySQL Servers to Compromise Enterprise Networks


Latest articles

Hackers Use Weaponized Documents to Attack U.S. Aerospace Industry

An American aerospace company has been the target of a commercial cyberespionage campaign dubbed...

Active Attacks Targeting Google Chrome & ownCloud Flaws: CISA Warns

The CISA announced two known exploited vulnerabilities active attacks targeting Google Chrome & own...

Cactus Ransomware Exploiting Qlik Sense code execution Vulnerability

A new Cactus Ransomware was exploited in the code execution vulnerability to Qlik Sense...

Hackers Bypass Antivirus with ScrubCrypt Tool to Install RedLine Malware

The ScrubCrypt obfuscation tool has been discovered to be utilized in attacks to disseminate the RedLine Stealer...

Hotel’s Hacked Logins Let Attacker Steal Guest Credit Cards

According to a recent report by Secureworks, a well-planned and advanced phishing attack was...

Critical Zoom Vulnerability Let Attackers Take Over Meetings

Zoom, the most widely used video conferencing platform has been discovered with a critical...

Hackers Using Weaponized Invoice to Deliver LUMMA Malware

Hackers use weaponized invoices to exploit trust in financial transactions, embedding malware or malicious...

API Attack Simulation Webinar

Live API Attack Simulation

In the upcoming webinar, Karthik Krishnamoorthy, CTO and Vivek Gopalan, VP of Products at Indusface demonstrate how APIs could be hacked.The session will cover:an exploit of OWASP API Top 10 vulnerability, a brute force account take-over (ATO) attack on API, a DDoS attack on an API, how a WAAP could bolster security over an API gateway

Related Articles