It has recently been discovered by researchers that Windows has a vulnerability that allows code execution that rivals EternalBlue in terms of potential. It is possible for an attacker to execute malicious code without authentication by exploiting this newly-tracked vulnerability CVE-2022-37958.
It is possible to exploit this vulnerability in a wormable way, which can lead to a chain reaction that can impact other systems that are vulnerable, and a new attack can be launched.
A greater range of network protocols is affected by this vulnerability as opposed to the earlier version, which gave attackers more flexibility.
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability allows any Windows application protocol that accesses the NEGOEX protocol may enable an attacker to remotely execute arbitrary code.
Despite the list of protocols that have been identified, there could be other protocols and standards that are affected as well.
On a target system, there is no user input or authentication required by a victim in order for this vulnerability to succeed. This vulnerability has been classified by Microsoft as “Critical,” with a maximum severity for all categories.
As a result, CVSS 3.1 now has an overall score of 8.1 out of 10. It is important to note that systems with unpatched default configurations are vulnerable to this flaw.
The reclassification was performed by X-Force Red in accordance with its responsible disclosure policy with Microsoft.
For the time being, IBM won’t release the full technical details regarding the vulnerabilities and patches until Q2 2023, in order to give defenders a chance and enough time to apply them.
Security Intelligence recommends that users and administrators apply the patch as soon as possible due to the widespread use of SPNEGO, which ensures that they are protected.
All systems running Windows 7 and newer are compatible with this fix, which is part of the security updates for September 2022.
Moreover, X-Force Red recommends the following additional recommendations:-
- Identify which services are exposed to the internet, such as SMB and RDP.
- You should continuously monitor your attack surface, including Windows Authentication-enabled servers.
- In the event that the patch cannot be applied, set Kerberos or Net-NTLM as the default authentication providers on Windows and remove Negotiate as the default authentication provider.
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