Wednesday, April 17, 2024

WIRTE’s Hacker Group Uses Weaponized MS Excel Droppers To Attack High Profile Targets

A state-sponsored hacking group, WIRTE has been active since at least 2019 that targets high-profile public and private entities in the Middle East using weaponized MS Excel 4.0 macros as droppers.

The cyber security researchers at Kaspersky have closely investigated the following things to know the motives of WIRTE:-

  • Campaign
  • Toolset
  • Methods

But, after analyzing the above things they have concluded that the motives of WIRTE are still not clear, but, it has been reported that with the Gaza Cybergang threat actors WIRTE group has some links.

Tricky dropper

And not only that even they have also observed targets in other regions apart from the Middle East. While as compared to other hacking groups, WIRTE has superior skills like:-

  • Better OpSec
  • Better stealthy techniques
  • Better evasion
  • Better persistence

On recipients’ devices the hackers from WIRTE hacking group download and install malware payloads by executing the MS Excel macros that are sent via phishing emails.

Initially, in a hidden column, the Excel dropper runs a series of formulas to enable the editing request. Later, the third spreadsheet with hidden columns runs the dropper and checks the following anti-sandbox checks that we have mentioned below:-

  • Get the name of the environment
  • Check if a mouse is present
  • Check if the host computer can play sounds

Targets

The primary focus of the WIRTE:-

  • Government entities
  • Diplomatic entities
  • Financial institutions
  • Law firms
  • Military organizations
  • Technology companies

Actions

During the investigation process, the experts have observed several commands and actions that we have mentioned below:-

  • List local disk drives
  • Get the list of installed AV software
  • Check if the current user is an admin
  • Get OS architecture
  • Check for the existence of backdoor services
  • Check for registry keys added for COM hijacking
  • List all installed hotfixes
  • Get a screenshot and save it to %AppData% until the next POST request

Hidden command and control

To hide the actual IP addresses the hackers place their C2 domains behind Cloudflare. However, the security analysts at Kaspersky have managed to identify some that are hosted in the following countries:-

  • Ukraine
  • Estonia

But, the threat actors have used TCP ports 2096 and 2087 along with TCP/443 over HTTPS in C2 communication for their most recent intrusions.

Apart from this, the most serious thing about their actions is that WIRTE hacking group is expanding its targeting scope to several organizations including financial institutes and large private organizations.

That’s why as a recommendation the analysts have strongly recommended organizations to stay alert and develop their security practices to mitigate such situations.

You can follow us on LinkedinTwitterFacebook for daily Cybersecurity updates.

Website

Latest articles

LightSpy Hackers Target Indian Apple Device Users To Steal Sensitive Data

Hackers target Apple device users because they are perceived to be of higher social...

Trustifi’s Email Security Awareness Training – Empowering MSPs to Train & Protect Clients

In today's digital landscape, email security has become a critical concern for businesses of...

Personal Data Exposed in Massive Global Hack: Understanding the Implications & Guarding Privacy- Axios Security Group

In a digital age where information is the new currency, the recent global hack...

Ex-Security Engineer Jailed For Hacking Decentralized Cryptocurrency Exchanges

Ahmed exploited a vulnerability in a decentralized cryptocurrency exchange's smart contract by injecting fabricated...

Omni Hotels & Resorts Hack: Attackers have Stolen Customer Information

Omni Hotels & Resorts has revealed that it was the target of a recent...

Connect:fun Attacking Organizations Running Fortinet’s FortiClient EMS

A new exploit campaign has emerged, targeting organizations that utilize Fortinet’s FortiClient EMS.Dubbed...

TA558 Hackers Compromised 320+ Organizations’ FTP & SMTP Servers

TA558, a financially motivated threat actor identified in 2018, is targeting several countries but...
Balaji
Balaji
BALAJI is an Ex-Security Researcher (Threat Research Labs) at Comodo Cybersecurity. Editor-in-Chief & Co-Founder - Cyber Security News & GBHackers On Security.

Top 3 SME Attack Vectors

Securing the Top 3 SME Attack Vectors

Cybercriminals are laying siege to small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs) across sectors. 73% of SMEs know they were breached in 2023. The real rate could be closer to 100%.

  • Stolen credentials
  • Phishing
  • Exploitation of vulnerabilities

Related Articles