General Bytes Bitcoin ATM servers have been exploited by hackers in order to steal cryptocurrency from their customers as a result of a zero-day vulnerability.
Whenever cryptocurrency was deposited or purchased via the ATM, hackers would take advantage of the situation in order to siphon off the funds.
General Bytes manufactures Bitcoin ATMs that are capable of purchasing and selling over 40 different cryptocurrencies, depending on the model.
There is a CAS that controls the Bitcoin ATMs remotely, enabling the following functions:-
- Ensures that the ATM is operating as it should
- What cryptocurrencies are supported
- Performs transactions on exchanges for the purchase and sale of cryptocurrencies
Zero-day Vulnerability in Bitcoin ATM servers
The CAS software was vulnerable to this zero-day vulnerability since it was released in version 20201208. On August 18th, General Bytes published a security advisory that outlined the following:-
“As part of the attacks, the company’s CAS was exposed to a zero-day vulnerability, which was exploited by the attacker.”
A URL call on the page granted the attacker access to the CAS administrative interface, where the hacker was able to create an admin user remotely. A default installation is performed on this page, along with the creation of the first administrator account on the server.
A scan for any exposures of servers running on any of the following TCP ports was conducted by the threat actors on the internet:-
The servers at Digital Ocean as well as the servers hosted at General Bytes’ own cloud services are also included in this list.
A default admin user named ‘gb’ was then added to the CAS as a result of exploiting this bug by the threat actors. Then the hacker modified the following things:-
- ‘buy’ crypto settings
- ‘sell’ crypto settings
- ‘invalid payment address’ used with a wallet that is under the control of the hacker
There are two recent server patch releases from General Bytes which need to be applied to customers’ servers before they can begin using their Bitcoin ATMs:-
Until then, security analysts have strongly urged users to not operate Bitcoin ATMs.
Here below, we have mentioned all the recommendations:-
- The admin and master services should be stopped.
- The server needs to be upgraded to 20220725.22.
- The firewall settings on your server need to be modified.
- Admin service should be started.
- Make sure that only two-way machines are deactivated.
- Ensure that all of your CAS users are reviewed.
- It is necessary to reset all passwords for all users.
- You should review your crypto settings in order to make sure they are correct.
- Make sure that no terminals have been added by the attacker. There is a possibility that you might find BT123456 if your system has been breached.
- Make sure that the terminals are activated.
- You may find more information on an attacker’s activity in the admin.log file if you are concerned your system was breached.
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