Saturday, June 15, 2024

How to Analyse a PCAP file WITH XPLICO – Network Forensic Analysis Tool

Network forensics is a sub-branch of digital forensics relating to the monitoring and analysis of computer network traffic for the purposes of information gathering, legal evidence, or intrusion detection.

Unlike other areas of digital forensics, network investigations deal with volatile and dynamic information. Network traffic is transmitted and then lost, so network forensics is often a proactive investigation.

What is PCAP File?

In the field of computer network administration, pcap (packet capture) consists of an application programming interface (API) for capturing network traffic.

Unix-like systems implement pcap in the libpcap library; Windows uses a port of libpcap known as WinPcap.

It is a Data file created by Wireshark (formerly Ethereal), a free program used for network analysis; contains network packet data created during a live network capture; used for “packet sniffing” and analyzing data network characteristics; can be analyzed using software that includes the libpcap or WinPcap libraries

Forensic Analysis Medium

Well, we will be using a tool known as XPLICO, xplico is an open-source NFAT (Network Forensic Analysis Tool), the goal of Xplico is to extract from an internet traffic capture the application’s data contained.

Must Read Complete Kali Tools tutorials from Information gathering to Forensics

For example, from a pcap file Xplico extracts each email (POP, IMAP, and SMTP protocols), all HTTP contents, each VoIP call (SIP), FTP, TFTP, and so on
To know more about XPLICO tool click here

Procedure – Network Forensics

  • Open the terminal and start the xplico service by the command “etc/init.d/xplico start” or “service xplico start”
  • Go to the browser and type the following URL “ http://localhost:9876/ ”By the following credentials log in to the xplico web interface

“Username : xplico”
“Password : xplico”

  • Click on the new case and give it a name and a reference number and click Create.
  • Click on the case name (eg: test)
  • Click on a new session and give it a name (eg: analysis-1) and click on create
  • Click on the name of the session (eg analysis-1)
  • Click on browse and browse your PCAP file
  • After loading it on xplico interface click on the upload button
  • After the uploading process, the tool will start decoding
  • After the decoding process, you will get the status as shown below
  • Now you can get the overview of the analysis and in the left pane, you will have the option to navigate to the analysis done (below is the screenshot of the graph of DNS messages).

Conclusion

XPLICO – This tool is simple and easy to use also it does an intense analysis of the Packet Capture –PCAP file, This tool is pre-loaded in many penetrations testing Linux flavors such as KALI LINUX, PARROT OS, DEFT, Security Onion, Backbox, Pentooetc.

Source & credits

This article was provided to www.gbhackers.com by Shankara Narayanan Co-Leader at Hackers Day, a student at Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University.

Website

Latest articles

Sleepy Pickle Exploit Let Attackers Exploit ML Models And Attack End-Users

Hackers are targeting, attacking, and exploiting ML models. They want to hack into these...

SolarWinds Serv-U Vulnerability Let Attackers Access sensitive files

SolarWinds released a security advisory for addressing a Directory Traversal vulnerability which allows a...

Smishing Triad Hackers Attacking Online Banking, E-Commerce AND Payment Systems Customers

Hackers often attack online banking platforms, e-commerce portals, and payment systems for illicit purposes.Resecurity...

Threat Actor Claiming Leak Of 5 Million Ecuador’s Citizen Database

A threat actor has claimed responsibility for leaking the personal data of 5 million...

Ascension Hack Caused By an Employee Who Downloaded a Malicious File

Ascension, a leading healthcare provider, has made significant strides in its investigation and recovery...

AWS Announced Malware Detection Tool For S3 Buckets

Amazon Web Services (AWS) has announced the general availability of Amazon GuardDuty Malware Protection...

Hackers Exploiting MS Office Editor Vulnerability to Deploy Keylogger

Researchers have identified a sophisticated cyberattack orchestrated by the notorious Kimsuky threat group.The...

Free Webinar

API Vulnerability Scanning

71% of the internet traffic comes from APIs so APIs have become soft targets for hackers.Securing APIs is a simple workflow provided you find API specific vulnerabilities and protect them.In the upcoming webinar, join Vivek Gopalan, VP of Products at Indusface as he takes you through the fundamentals of API vulnerability scanning..
Key takeaways include:

  • Scan API endpoints for OWASP API Top 10 vulnerabilities
  • Perform API penetration testing for business logic vulnerabilities
  • Prioritize the most critical vulnerabilities with AcuRisQ
  • Workflow automation for this entire process

Related Articles