Researchers discovered a new malicious activity that involved by Russian APT hackers to attack Government and Military officials in Ukrainian entities.
The attacker’s targets are not limited but they also infect various individuals who is part of the government and Law enforcement, Journalists, Diplomats, NGO and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Researchers believe that the campaign attributed to Gamaredon activity in which attackers using Dynamic Domain Name Server as C2 server, VBA macro, and VBA script as a part of this attack.
Threat actors using weaponized DOCX files during the intelligence collection in the target and its distributed via spearphishing emails.
Gamaredon is using weaponized documents, sometimes retrieved from legitimate sources as the initial infection vector.
Researchers observed the malicious sample that reveals the APT activity from at least September 2019 to November 25, 2019.
Malware infection Process
Researchers observed some of the lure documents that contain various indications of body contents that include the document that appears to discuss requirements instituted by the Chief of the General Staff, the Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) media watchdog organization and some of the other fake claims to trick victims to gain attention.
These malicious documents appear in phishing emails that contain a malicious attachment that doesn’t contain any VBA macros, instead, attackers using the Template Injection technique to downloads a Document Template (.dot) from a remote location.
The downloaded template file contains VBA macros, which are automatically get executed in the background.
The VBA Macro writes a VBScript file to the startup folder to be executed on startup and it tries to change the registry that disables the Macro security warnings in the future.
According to Anomali research ” A file will only be sent if the actor determines that the now infected target is worthy of a second-stage payload, otherwise, the file deletion continues on its loop to remove evidence of the actor’s activity.”
“Russian-sponsored cyber capabilities have been well-documented over numerous malicious campaigns found and attributed by the security community, and this activity observed by ATR indicates the risk posed to entities by APT threat groups.”