Friday, April 12, 2024

Hackers Transform the Raspberry Pi into an Online Anonymity Tool

A new tool, GEOBOX, was advertised on the Dark Web that utilizes Raspberry Pi devices for fraud and anonymization, allowing users to spoof GPS locations, emulate network settings, mimic Wi-Fi access points, and bypass anti-fraud filters. 

Criminals were using multiple GEOBOX devices as proxies to enhance anonymity during an online banking theft investigation.

Attackers are believed to utilize more custom-made or modified devices in the future, creating challenges for law enforcement. 

The tool is advertised on underground forums and Telegram for a fee of $700 for a lifetime or $80 monthly in cryptocurrency. 

Raspberry Pi i
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GEOBOX utilizes the Raspberry Pi to create an anonymous and fraudulent device, where a user manual with clear instructions is provided to simplify setup. 

The manual includes SD card selection for optimal performance, guides users to download Raspberry Pi OS from the official website, and explains how to obtain the GEOBOX software image. 

Obtaining Geobox Software Image

After installing the OS, the user guide details how to use the GEOBOX software, activate the device, connect to the Internet, and configure GEOBOX functions. 

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Working of Geobox Software

Feature of Geobox

A software suite designed for network configuration on the Raspberry Pi offers various functionalities, including managing multiple VPN connections with protocols like OpenVPN, L2TP, and Wireguard. 

Fatureset of the Geobox

Users can create and switch between VPN profiles for customized network routing, which supports creating cascaded VPN tunnels for enhanced anonymity and allows the configuration of proxy servers to manipulate DNS, GPS, and Wi-Fi MAC address information. 

It provides a GPS emulator for devices lacking a GPS receiver and enables users to manage Wi-Fi network settings and DNS servers. For advanced users, GEOBOX offers a Mimic Tab to monitor data manipulation and a Log Tab for system diagnostics.


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Technical Insights

Geobox is a device that can be installed on a Raspberry Pi to anonymize online activity and manipulate geolocation and it achieves this by using WebRTC IP, GPS spoofing, and MAC address masking. 

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Mimic Tab

The device is easy to use and provides a variety of functionalities through a web interface, including proxy server configuration, VPN connectivity, and altering Wi-Fi network parameters. 

It also poses a significant challenge to cybersecurity as it can be used to commit a variety of cybercrimes, such as cyber-attacks, dark web market operations, and financial fraud.

Resecurity discovered cybercriminals using GEOBOX with multiple LTE modems and proxy servers to anonymize connections, which makes tracing them difficult, especially for remote access. 

Criminals use short sessions to eliminate evidence, further impeding investigations, while easy access to GEOBOX raises concerns about its potential widespread use. The evolving threat landscape highlights the need for advanced security solutions and global cooperation to combat increasingly sophisticated cybercrime. 

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BALAJI is an Ex-Security Researcher (Threat Research Labs) at Comodo Cybersecurity. Editor-in-Chief & Co-Founder - Cyber Security News & GBHackers On Security.

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