Monday, June 24, 2024

Warning: Hackers Exploit 3 Well-known Flaws in Microsoft Word & Excel

Despite not being 0-day or even 1-day vulnerabilities, three well-known and outdated CVEs in Microsoft Word and Excel continue to pose a threat to the cybersecurity industry.

In these three CVEs, researchers found several connections, including technical tricks to conceal the harmful nature of the malicious documents and lure topics designed to mislead users into opening the document.

“More than 13000 samples that use old CVEs are lurking in-the-wild in 2023. Different formats – DOC(X), XLS(X), RTF – and tricks are used, all with the same purpose: to lure the victim into clicking and cause the subsequent malware to spread”, CheckPoint said.

Attack domains that the operators of mallocs select include lucrative industries, including banking and finance, government, and healthcare.

Affected Countries

3 Old And Well-Known CVEs Used In Microsoft Word & Excel

  • CVE-2017-11882 (technical analysis by Palo Alto)
  • CVE-2017-0199 (technical analysis by Perception Point)
  • CVE-2018-0802 (technical analysis by Check Point Software Technologies)

Maldocs with specified CVEs were used to spread several infamous malware families, such as Dridex in 2017 (CVE-2017-0199), Guloader in 2021 (CVE-2017-11882), LokiBot in 2018(CVE-2018-0802) and others.

The scenario remained unchanged in 2023 despite the detection of certain noteworthy additions to the disseminated payloads, such as samples utilized by Agent Tesla, Gamaredon APT, and Formbook/Xloader.

The samples utilized in Gamaredon APT activities are among the most noteworthy. A notorious hacker gang supported by the Russian state is called Gamaredon APT.

Connection of the maldoc exploiting CVE-2017-0199 with Gamaredon APT

Agent Tesla is a well-known malware family that topped the list of most common malware in October 2022. It is an advanced RAT functioning as a keylogger and information stealer.

Connection of the maldoc exploiting CVE-2017-11882 with Agent Tesla

GuLoader is another malware family that has been observed being distributed using maldocs. A well-known shellcode-based downloader called GuLoader has been used in numerous attacks to distribute several types of the “most wanted” malware.

Connection of the maldoc exploiting CVE-2017-0199 with GuLoader

Initially identified in 2016, Formbook is an infostealer malware (CVE-2017-11882). Screenshots, keystrokes, and credentials stored in online browsers are just a few of the data kinds that it takes from compromised systems.

Maldocs can take a variety of forms, but one of their lures is a poorly formatted text that still requires the user to “enable editing” for this document. 

Excel malicious documents may be encrypted, which would complicate analysis. The MS Enhanced RSA and AES crypto-providers are used to carry out the encryption and decryption.

Shellcodes within malicious documents, enormous oleObjects, obfuscated VBA macros, and strange URLs are some of the techniques employed in maldocs.

“The methodology of the 5-year-old spreading method must be well known, and this malware must be detected and stopped as early as possible”, researchers said.

Recommendation

  • Update the operating system and any installed apps.
  • Never click on links in unsolicited emails from senders you don’t recognize.
  • Increase staff awareness of cybersecurity
  • If you are unsure, speak with a security expert; preventing an issue is preferable than treating it.

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Guru baran
Guru baranhttps://gbhackers.com
Gurubaran is a co-founder of Cyber Security News and GBHackers On Security. He has 10+ years of experience as a Security Consultant, Editor, and Analyst in cybersecurity, technology, and communications.

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